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Unity3D培训 > Unity3D教程 > Unity3DMonoBehaviour API函数调用时序剖析
  • Unity3DMonoBehaviour API函数调用时序剖析

    发布:Unity3D培训  来源:Unity3D教程  时间: 2016年12月30日

  • 达内Unity3D培训机构MonoBehaviour API函数调用时序剖析...

  • MonoBehaviour Mono行为

    Inherits from Behaviour

    MonoBehaviour is the base class every script derives from.

    MonoBehaviour是每个脚本的基类.

    Using JavaScript every script automatically derives from MonoBehaviour. When using C# or Boo you have to explicitly derive from MonoBehaviour.

    每个Javascript脚本自动继承MonoBehaviour,使用C#或Boo时,需要显式继承MonoBehaviour.

    Note: The checkbox for disabling a MonoBehavior (on the editor) will only prevent Start(), Awake(), Update(), FixedUpdate(), and OnGUI() from executing. If none of these functions are present, the checkbox is not displayed.

    注意:MonoBehavior对象(编辑器中)的复选框,只有在其有Start(),Awake(),Update(), FixedUpdate()和 OnGUI()函数时显示,没有这些函数时则隐藏。(另注:译者在PC上Windows平台测试结果与此注释所描述情况不符)

    Variables变量

    useGUILayout

    Disabling this lets you skip the GUI layout phase.

    禁用此项,将会跳过GUILayout布局阶段。

    Functions函数

    Invoke

    Invokes the method methodName in time seconds.

    在time秒调用methodName方法;简单说,根据时间调用指定方法名的方法

    InvokeRepeating

    Invokes the method methodName in time seconds.

    在time秒调用methodName方法;简单说,每隔指定时间调用指定方法名的方法

    CancelInvoke

    Cancels all Invoke calls on this MonoBehaviour.

    取消这个MonoBehaviour上的所有调用。

    IsInvoking

    Is any invoke on methodName pending?

    某指定函数是否在等候调用。

    StartCoroutine

    Starts a coroutine.

    开始协同程序。

    StopCoroutine

    Stops all coroutines named methodName running on this behaviour.

    停止这个动作中名为methodName的所有协同程序

    StopAllCoroutines

    Stops all coroutines running on this behaviour.

    停止所有动作的协同程序

    Overridable Functions可重写函数

    运作时序图:

    【MonoBehaviour api函数调用时序剖析(】

    Update

    Update is called every frame, if the MonoBehaviour is enabled.

    当MonoBehaviour启用时,其Update在每一帧被调用。

    LateUpdate

    LateUpdate is called every frame, if the Behaviour is enabled.

    当Behaviour启用时,其LateUpdate在每一帧被调用。

    FixedUpdate

    This function is called every fixed framerate frame, if the MonoBehaviour is enabled.

    当MonoBehaviour启用时,其 FixedUpdate 在每一帧被调用。

    Awake

    Awake is called when the script instance is being loaded.

    当一个脚本实例被载入时Awake被调用。

    Start

    Start is called just before any of the Update methods is called the first time.

    Start仅在Update函数第一次被调用前调用。

    Reset

    Reset to default values.

    重置为默认值。

    OnMouseEnter

    OnMouseEnter is called when the mouse entered the GUIElement or Collider.

    当鼠标进入到GUIElement(GUI元素)或Collider(碰撞体)中时调用OnMouseEnter。

    OnMouseOver

    OnMouseOver is called every frame while the mouse is over the GUIElement or Collider.

    当鼠标悬浮在GUIElement(GUI元素)或Collider(碰撞体)上时调用 OnMouseOver .

    OnMouseExit

    OnMouseExit is called when the mouse is not any longer over the GUIElement or Collider.

    当鼠标移出GUIElement(GUI元素)或Collider(碰撞体)上时调用OnMouseExit。

    OnMouseDown

    OnMouseDown is called when the user has pressed the mouse button while over the GUIElement or Collider.

    当鼠标在GUIElement(GUI元素)或Collider(碰撞体)上点击时调用OnMouseDown。

    OnMouseUp

    OnMouseUp is called when the user has released the mouse button.

    当用户释放鼠标按钮时调用OnMouseUp。

    OnMouseUpAsButton

    OnMouseUpAsButton is only called when the mouse is released over the sameGUIElement or Collider as it was pressed.

    OnMouseUpAsButton只有当鼠标在同一个GUIElement或Collider按下,在释放时调用。

    OnMouseDrag

    OnMouseDrag is called when the user has clicked on a GUIElement or Collider and is still holding down the mouse.

    当用户鼠标拖拽GUIElement(GUI元素)或Collider(碰撞体)时调用 OnMouseDrag 。

    OnTriggerEnter

    OnTriggerEnter is called when the Collider other enters the trigger.

    当Collider(碰撞体)进入trigger(触发器)时调用OnTriggerEnter。

    OnTriggerExit

    OnTriggerExit is called when the Collider other has stopped touching the trigger.

    当Collider(碰撞体)停止触发trigger(触发器)时调用OnTriggerExit。

    OnTriggerStay

    OnTriggerStay is called once per frame for every Collider other that is touching the trigger.

    当碰撞体接触触发器时,OnTriggerStay将在每一帧被调用。

    OnCollisionEnter

    OnCollisionEnter is called when this collider/rigidbody has begun touching another rigidbody/collider.

    当此collider/rigidbody触发另一个rigidbody/collider时,OnCollisionEnter将被调用。

    OnCollisionExit

    OnCollisionExit is called when this collider/rigidbody has stopped touching another rigidbody/collider.

    当此collider/rigidbody停止触发另一个rigidbody/collider时,OnCollisionExit将被调用。

    OnCollisionStay

    OnCollisionStay is called once per frame for every collider/rigidbody that is touching rigidbody/collider.

    当此collider/rigidbody触发另一个rigidbody/collider时,OnCollisionStay将会在每一帧被调用。

    OnControllerColliderHit

    OnControllerColliderHit is called when the controller hits a collider while performing a Move.

    在移动的时,当controller碰撞到collider时OnControllerColliderHit被调用。

    OnJointBreak

    Called when a joint attached to the same game object broke.

    当附在同一对象上的关节被断开时调用。

    OnParticleCollision

    OnParticleCollision is called when a particle hits a collider.

    当粒子碰到collider时被调用。

    OnBecameVisible

    OnBecameVisible is called when the renderer became visible by any camera.

    当renderer(渲染器)在任何相机上可见时调用OnBecameVisible。

    OnBecameInvisible

    OnBecameInvisible is called when the renderer is no longer visible by any camera.

    当renderer(渲染器)在任何相机上都不可见时调用OnBecameInvisible。

    OnLevelWasLoaded

    This function is called after a new level was loaded.

    当一个新关卡被载入时此函数被调用。

    OnEnable

    This function is called when the object becomes enabled and active.

    当对象变为可用或激活状态时此函数被调用。

    OnDisable

    This function is called when the behaviour becomes disabled () or inactive.

    当对象变为不可用或非激活状态时此函数被调用。

    OnDestroy

    This function is called when the MonoBehaviour will be destroyed.

    当MonoBehaviour将被销毁时,这个函数被调用。

    OnPreCull

    OnPreCull is called before a camera culls the scene.

    在相机消隐场景之前被调用。

    OnPreRender

    OnPreRender is called before a camera starts rendering the scene.

    在相机渲染场景之前被调用。

    OnPostRender

    OnPostRender is called after a camera finished rendering the scene.

    在相机完成场景渲染之后被调用。

    OnRenderObject

    OnRenderObject is called after camera has rendered the scene.

    在相机场景渲染完成后被调用。

    OnWillRenderObject

    OnWillRenderObject is called once for each camera if the object is visible.

    如果对象可见每个相机都会调用它。

    OnGUI

    OnGUI is called for rendering and handling GUI events.

    渲染和处理GUI事件时调用。

    OnRenderImage

    OnRenderImage is called after all rendering is complete to render image

    当完成所有渲染图片后被调用,用来渲染图片后期效果。

    OnDrawGizmosSelected

    Implement this OnDrawGizmosSelected if you want to draw gizmos only if the object is selected.

    如果你想在物体被选中时绘制gizmos,执行这个函数。

    OnDrawGizmos

    Implement this OnDrawGizmos if you want to draw gizmos that are also pickable and always drawn.

    如果你想绘制可被点选的gizmos,执行这个函数。

    OnApplicationPause

    Sent to all game objects when the player pauses.

    当玩家暂停时发送到所有的游戏物体。

    OnApplicationFocus

    Sent to all game objects when the player gets or looses focus.

    当玩家获得或失去焦点时发送给所有游戏物体。

    OnApplicationQuit

    Sent to all game objects before the application is quit.

    在应用退出之前发送给所有的游戏物体。

    OnPlayerConnected

    Called on the server whenever a new player has successfully connected.

    当一个新玩家成功连接时在服务器上被调用。

    OnServerInitialized

    Called on the server whenever a Network.InitializeServer was invoked and has completed.

    当Network.InitializeServer被调用并完成时,在服务器上调用这个函数。

    OnConnectedToServer

    Called on the client when you have successfully connected to a server

    当你成功连接到服务器时,在客户端调用。

    OnPlayerDisconnected

    Called on the server whenever a player disconnected from the server.

    当一个玩家从服务器上断开时在服务器端调用。

    OnDisconnectedFromServer

    Called on the client when the connection was lost or you disconnected from the server.

    当失去连接或从服务器端断开时在客户端调用。

    OnFailedToConnect

    Called on the client when a connection attempt fails for some reason.

    当一个连接因为某些原因失败时在客户端调用。

    OnFailedToConnectToM...

    Called on clients or servers when there is a problem connecting to the MasterServer.

    当报告事件来自主服务器时在客户端或服务器端调用。

    OnMasterServerEvent

    Called on clients or servers when reporting events from the MasterServer.

    当报告事件来自主服务器时在客户端或服务器端调用。

    OnNetworkInstantiate

    Called on objects which have been network instantiated with Network.Instantiate

    当一个物体使用Network.Instantiate进行网络初始化时调用。

    OnSerializeNetworkView

    Used to customize synchronization of variables in a script watched by a etwork view.

    在一个网络视图脚本中,用于自定义变量同步。

    Class Functions类函数

    print

    Logs message to the Unity Console. This function is identical to Debug.Log.

    记录消息到Unity控制台,这个函数和Debug.Log作用相同。

    Inherited members继承成员

    Inherited Variables继承变量

    enabled

    Enabled Behaviours are Updated, disabled Behaviours are not.

    启用行为被更新,禁用行为不更新。

    transform

    The Transform attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Transform附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    rigidbody

    The Rigidbody attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Rigidbody附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    camera

    The Camera attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Camera附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    light

    The Light attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Light附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    animation

    The Animation attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Animation附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    constantForce

    The ConstantForce attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    ConstantForce附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    renderer

    The Renderer attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Renderer附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    audio

    The AudioSource attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    AudioSource附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    guiText

    The GUIText attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    GUIText附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    networkView

    The NetworkView attached to this GameObject (Read Only). (null if there is one attached)

    NetworkView附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(只读)(如无附加则为空)。

    guiTexture

    The GUITexture attached to this GameObject (Read Only). (null if there is one attached)

    GUITexture附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(只读)(如无附加则为空)。

    collider

    The Collider attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    Collider附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    hingeJoint

    The HingeJoint attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    HingeJoint附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    particleEmitter

    The ParticleEmitter attached to this GameObject (null if there is none attached).

    ParticleEmitter附加到GameObject(游戏物体)(如无附加则为空)。

    gameObject

    The game object this component is attached to. A component is always attached to a game object.

    组件附加的游戏物体。一个组件总是被附加到一个游戏物体。

    tag

    The tag of this game object.

    游戏物体的标签。

    name

    The name of the object. //物体的名字

    hideFlags

    Should the object be hidden, saved with the scene or modifiable by the user?

    物体是否被隐藏、保存在场景中或被用户修改?

    Inherited Functions继承函数

    GetComponent

    Returns the component of Type type if the game object has one attached, ull if it doesn't.

    如果游戏物体有一个附加,则返回Type类型的组件,如果没有则为null。

    GetComponent.

    GetComponent

    Returns the component with name type if the game object has one attached, ull if it doesn't.

    如果游戏物体有一个附加,则返回名字类型组件,如果没有则为null。

    GetComponentInChildren

    Returns the component of Type type in the GameObject or any of its children using depth first search.

    返回Type类型组件,在GameObject或它的任何子物体使用深度优先搜索,仅返回激活的组件。

    GetComponentInChildren.

    GetComponentsInChildren

    Returns all components of Type type in the GameObject or any of its children.

    在GameObject或任何它的子物体,返回全部Type类型组件

    GetComponentsInChildren.

    GetComponents

    Returns all components of Type type in the GameObject.

    在游戏物体返回全部Type类型组件。

    GetComponents.

    CompareTag

    Is this game object tagged tag?

    游戏物体有被标记标签么?

    SendMessageUpwards

    Calls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object and on every ancestor of the behaviour

    在游戏物体每一个MonoBehaviour和每一个behaviour的祖先上调用名为methodName的方法。

    SendMessage

    Calls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object.

    在游戏物体每一个MonoBehaviour上调用名为methodName的方法。

    BroadcastMessage

    Calls the method named methodName on every MonoBehaviour in this game object or any of its children.

    在游戏物体每一个MonoBehaviour和它的全部子物体上调用名为methodName的方法。

    GetInstanceID

    Returns the instance id of the object.

    返回物体的实例ID

    ToString

    Returns the name of the game object.

    返回游戏物体的名称。

    Inherited Class Functions继承类函数

    Destroy

    Removes a gameobject, component or asset.

    删除一个游戏物体、组件或资源

    DestroyImmediate

    Destroys the object obj immediately. It is strongly recommended to use Destroy instead.

    立即销毁物体obj,强烈建议使用Destroy代替。

    DontDestroyOnLoad

    Makes the object target not be destroyed automatically when loading a new scene.

    加载新场景的时候使目标物体不被自动销毁。

    FindObjectOfType

    Returns the first active loaded object of Type type.

    返回Type类型第一个激活的加载的物体。

    FindObjectsOfType

    Returns a list of all active loaded objects of Type type.

    返回Type类型的所有激活的加载的物体列表

    Instantiate

    Clones the object original and returns the clone.

    克隆原始物体,并返回克隆的物体

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